Date: 4 & 5 November 2021
Credits: 2 ECTS
What did people eat in the past? How did this change through time? How was food gathered and how was it processed? Food procurement, preparation and consumption form one of the major themes in archaeological research. Nowadays, next to “traditional” settlement archaeology, archaeozoology and archaeobotany, a range of new techniques and approaches are used to study (aspects of) subsistence and diet, from isotopes and chemical fingerprints to micromorphology and landscape-scale modelling.
The present course will give an introduction to the application of a range of different approaches to the study of human subsistence, many of which are newly developed scientific methods. With a strong emphasis on discussion, we will combine presentations of specialists with oral and poster presentations.
The subject is divided in studies at different scales:
● Human and human-derived remains
● Settlement: Fingerprints of food processing
● Settlement: Food and food remains
After plenary sessions, the course will consist of several parallel workshops. The workshops include poster sessions that will give students the opportunity to present their own research, and discussion sessions. Students are required to present a poster, or to prepare a role in the discussion sessions.
10:00 Opening and welcome – C. Cakirlar
10:15 Introduction: human subsistence in archaeology – D.J. Huisman
Parallel session 1. Human and human-derived remains
11:00 Diet and other behaviours preserved in dental calculus – Amanda Henry
11:30 Stable isotopes (H, C, O, N, Zn)
12:00 Diet and 14C reservoir effects – Jack Dury
12:30 Coprolites – Lisa-Marie Shillito
13:00 Lunch break
14:00 Workshop session with student posters and discussion: which methods best reflect human diet?
Parallel session 2. Fingerprints of food processing in ceramics
11:00 Food & Co: direct chemical characterisation of unknown solid organic materials using FTIR and DTMS – Tania F.M. Oudemans
11:30 Lipid residue analysis on archaeological pottery – Özge Demirci
12:00 Ancient protein analysis of ceramics and food remains – Jessica Hendy
12:30 Looking inside cooking pots through the SEM – Lucy Kubiak-Martens
13:00 Lunch break
14:00 Workshop session with student posters and discussion: which methods best indicate human food composition?
16:00 Plenary wrap-up of the first day
10:00 Welcome session day 2
Parallel session 1. Food and food remains
10:30 Investigating subsistence practices and pig and cattle husbandry through aDNA and stable isotope analysis – Nathalie Brusgaard, Jolijn Erven
10:55 Dairying in Neolithic context – Safoora Kamjan
11:20 Micro-bone distribution in settlement refuse layers – Dominique Ngan-Tillard
11:45 Microfossils in sediments and tools: phytoliths and starches – Marco Madella
12:10 Subsistence indicators in temperate shell middens – Jos Kleijne
12:35 Lunch break
13:30 Workshop session with student posters and discussion: which methods most efficiently reflect human food production?
Parallel session 2. Landscape
10:30 Early Holocene crop cultivation and landscape modification in Amazonia – Umberto Lombardo
11:00 Simulation modelling of agrarian production – Philip Verhagen
11:30 Tillage or not? Micromorphological identification of cultivated soil horizons – Helen Lewis
12:00 An integrated study of Celtic fields – Stijn Arnoldussen
12:30 Lunch break
13:30 Workshop session with student posters and discussion: which methods best indicate human land use for subsistence?
15:30 Plenary wrap-up of the second day, followed by a reflection on all sessions by Daan Raemaekers.
16:30 Closing remarks and virtual drinks
Assignment: Students are required to present a poster, or to prepare a role in the parallel discussion sessions. Such roles can be either to lead the discussion from an assigned theme or research question in one of the parallel discussion sessions, to reflect on one or more of the speakers, or to summarize and reflect on the results of one of the discussion sessions in the concluding plenary session. We will assign roles based on the motivation that we ask you to include when applying for the course.
When applying for the course, please give a short motivation on why you want to participate in the course, and how the subject matter interfaces with your (master or PhD) research or interest. If you want to present a poster, please give the title of the poster, and the session in which it will be presented.
Deadline for application is 20 October 2021.
Credits: ARCHON members can receive 2 ECTS for attending both days + presenting an online poster or preparing a role in the discussion sessions.
Registration: Please fill in the registration form below. Registration will close on 20 October 2021.